In The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872), Charles Darwin showed an engraving (Fig. 21) based a photo by Benjamin Duchenne. The photo was meant to depict the facial expression for “Terror”.

On the left side you see a detail from Henry Holiday’s illustration to the chapter The Banker’s Fate in Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark (1876). It depicts the sorry state the Banker was in after he met the Bandersnatch.

I think that Holiday’s illustration (notice the Bellman’s arm) might have been inspired by the illustration in Darwin’s book. The only known letter exchange between C. L. Dodgson (aka Lewis Carroll) and Charles Darwin was about photos of facial expressions, which Dodgson offered to Darwin (who kindly rejected the offer).

See also: Mechanism of Human Facial Expressions – Electrophysiological study of Physiognomy
by Steven Burke, 2017-03-03 in Scientists


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2017-09-10, updated: 2020-09-21

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