Navigation Was Always a Difficult Art

But the principal failing occurred in the sailing,
    And the Bellman, perplexed and distressed,
Said he had hoped, at least, when the wind blew due East,
    That the ship would not travel due West!

Navigation was always a difficult art,
    Though with only one ship and one bell:
And he feared he must really decline, for his part,
    Undertaking another as well.




Table of Contents

Static Pages

  • LCSNA Knight Letter 

    August 30, 2017, 17:17

    Below you find links which are related to what you can find in the Knight Letter (ISSN 0193-886X, published by the LCSNA) about my Snark hunt: Burning…

    • Burning the Baker 

      April 28, 2018, 12:06

        The images (click on them to read more) are related to my little article in the Knight Letter № 100 (July 2018, ISSN 0193-886X, published by the…

    • Nose is a Nose is a Nose 

      August 29, 2017, 22:47

      More links related to my Snark article in the Knight Letter (ISSN 0193-886X) of the LCSNA, Fall 2017, № 99: The article is online…

    • The Baker’s Uncle Yoda’s Relative is 

      August 30, 2017, 17:32

      In the Knight Letter (№ 98, Spring 2017, page 40) there was a little notice about a post which I made in reddit. Here is a copy of the post: The…

  • gallery 

    October 4, 2017, 21:53

    This page moved to

  • The Barrister's Dream 

    September 6, 2017, 07:06

    : Detail from the etching (1566-1568) The Image Breakers by Marcus Gheeraerts the Elder. : Illustration (1876) by Henry Holiday to the chapter The…

  • 9.5±0.5 Snark Hunters 

    November 19, 2018, 02:22

    Allegedly, the Snark hunting crew consists of ten members (MG017). Is that so? Martin Gardener (MG046) told us that "Phyllis Greenacre thinks that the ten…

    • Der But machte so Bonnie wie Hut 

      August 15, 2018, 00:30

      I think that translating Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark without significant losses is almost impossible. But here is an example where a translator…

  • Sphinx 

    September 8, 2017, 21:06

    This is a comparison of four works of art (the first of them is shown together with the preparatory draft). Each of them perhaps is unusual in itself. But…

  • Etymology of Snark 

    September 6, 2017, 22:00

    The word "snarking" already has been used in the year 1866. Now we know that the sounds produced by that stone are not quite like "snarking or gnashing".…

  • Holiday's Butcher and Millais' Raleigh 

    September 12, 2017, 07:53

    Left: Depiction of the Butcher and the Beaver in the illustration by Henry Holiday to the 5th fit The Beaver's Lesson in Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of…

  • Terror 

    September 10, 2017, 12:49

    In The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals (1872) Charles Darwin showed an engraving (Fig. 20,page 299) based on this photo by Benjamin Duchenne.…

  • The Bard 

    September 9, 2017, 09:05

    : John Martin, The Bard (ca. 1817); by GIMP: contrast enhanced in the rock area & light areas delated. : Henry Holiday (engraver: Joseph Swain),…

  • Inspiration by Re-Interpretation 

    September 13, 2017, 11:48

    : Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger: Catherine Killigrew, Lady Jermyn (1614) : Henry Holiday: Segment (in mirror view) from an illustration to Lewis…

  • Categories 

    September 11, 2017, 16:43

    Keywords: #allusion #bildzitat #ekphrasis #interpictorial #interpictoriality #interpiktoratität #interpikturalität #kunstzitat #pictorial-allusion…

  • Religion and Liberty
    Care and Hope

    September 16, 2017, 18:33

    2009-07-09 : Unknown artist (1674), Fig. 4/4 to the orartie van de Professor L. Wolsogen over syndroom en de nytlegging van de felue gadaen … . The…

  • My 1st Snark Trophy 

    September 11, 2017, 01:34

    On the left side of this comparison you see one of the nine illustrations by Henry Holiday to Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark (1876). On the right…

    • Hell Mouth 

      September 16, 2017, 17:53

      Les Visions du chevalier Tondal Detail from…

  • Snark on Reddit 

    September 11, 2017, 07:48

    This is about what I published about The Hunting of the Snark in Reddit (/r/TheHuntingOfTheSnark) before the blog was launched in autumn 2017. Some…

  • Thomas Cranmer's Burning 

    September 11, 2017, 21:28

    Remember, to Henry Holiday The Hunting of the Snark was a tragedy. 549    “It’s a Snark!” was the sound that first came to their ears, 550…

  • The Image Breakers 

    October 10, 2017, 22:30

    2011-06 : The Banker after his encounter with the Bandersnatch, depicted in Henry Holiday's illustration (woodcut by Joseph Swain for block printing) to the…

  • Henry George Liddell 

    September 13, 2017, 11:37

    : Henry Holiday's depiction of the Billiard marker in Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark (1876). : Henry George Liddell (painted by Sir Hubert…

  • Lewis Carroll 

    September 12, 2017, 17:41

    Photographic self portrait by Lewis Carroll, and its inclusion into an illustration by Henry Holiday to Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark. Her…

  • Kitty 

    September 13, 2017, 11:57

    I tweeted this comparison between a Snark illustration by Henry Holiday and a painting by Matthias Grünewald as a comment to a tweet about an exhibit in the…

  • Bone Players 

    September 13, 2017, 16:12

    On the left side you see a detail from an illustration by Henry Holiday to Lewis Carroll's tragicomedy The Hunting of the Snark. I marked five possible…

    • A Wrong Spot at the Right Place 

      September 29, 2017, 00:23

      In both images shown above there is a little white spot in the upper right corner of the red boxes on the right side. For a long time I thought that Henry…

  • Headscarfs 

    September 13, 2017, 16:52

    : Henry Holiday: Detail from the draft to a depiction (1876) of the Baker's visit to his uncle in Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark (engraved by…

  • jub jub jub jub jub jub jub jub jub ... 

    September 17, 2017, 15:07

    297    "Be a man!" said the Bellman in wrath, as he heard 298       The Butcher beginning to sob. 299    "Should we…

  • What can Science reveal?
    This is the quest of the Snark.

    September 19, 2017, 12:09

    Lewis Carroll's wrote about The Hunting of the Snark: As to the meaning of the Snark, I'm very much afraid I didn't mean anything but nonsense. Still, you…

  • The Baker's 42 Boxes 

    November 15, 2018, 00:32

    The Baker’s 42 boxes (MG011) might be a reference to Thomas Cranmer’s 42 Articles.The Baker's 42 Boxes are the original Protestant Articles of 1553, with…

    • Notes on the 39 Articles and the 42 Articles 

      September 19, 2017, 20:42

      I don't understand religious matters too well. But as I assume that the Baker's 42 boxes may stand for Thomas Cranmer's 42 Articles, I took some notes (in the…

  • Darwin's snarked Study 

    September 23, 2017, 08:00

    This is about a possible allusion by Alfred Parsons to an illustration by Henry Holiday. : The Study at Down (from the The Century Illustrated Monthly…

  • Wild Figure 

    October 11, 2017, 19:00

    : Segment of John Martin's painting The Bard (c. 1817). : Segment of an illustration (1876) by Henry Holiday to the chapter The Beaver's Lesson in…

  • Snarked Beagle 

    September 23, 2017, 19:28

    1834-04-16, HMS Beagle laid ashore at Tierra del Fuego, Santa Cruz river, 50.1125°S and 68.3917°W. The poster is a PDF file which contains a vectorized…

  • A Bonnet 

    September 27, 2017, 06:57

    : Mirror view of Henry Holiday's depiction of a bonnet (the hat, not the sail) and the maker of Bonnets and Hoods in Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the…

  • The Broker and the Monk 

    September 27, 2017, 07:20

    : Detail from an illustration by Henry Holiday to Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark depicting the Broker (upper left corner). : Detail from…

  • When the Queen met the Boojum 

    September 30, 2017, 17:56

    : Henry Holiday's illustration (1876) to the front cover of Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark : A grey shaded reproduction of the

  • Crucifix 

    September 6, 2017, 20:55

    On the right side of the side-by-side comparison shown above you see a pattern from an illustration (see also right side of the comparison image shown…

  • Naughty Winged Rat 

    October 2, 2017, 20:34

    Plate I of Gustave Doré's illustrations to chapter 1 in Miguel de Cervantes' Don Quixote (1863 edition). As for the big head at the lower left corner…

  • Henry Holiday's Illustrations 

    October 3, 2017, 10:37

    It is possible that the author was half-consciously laying a trap, so readily did he take to the inventing of puzzles and things enigmatic; but to those who…

  • Snark Assemblage 

    October 4, 2017, 21:18

    In 2012, I assembled two scans from original 19th century sources: Print The Beagle Laid Ashore based on a drawing (1834-04-16) by Conrad Martens, etching…

  • Religion and Liberty Care and Hope 

    September 16, 2017, 18:33

    Comparison (2009-07-09):: Anonymous (1674), Fig. 4/4 to the orartie van de Professor L. Wolsogen over syndroom en de nytlegging van de felue gadaen .... The…

  • The Ocean Chart 

    October 11, 2017, 23:45

    089    The Bellman himself they all praised to the skies— 090        Such a carriage, such ease and such grace! 091 …

  • Lace-Making 

    October 15, 2017, 00:31

    Did you know that lace-making is evil? 273    The Boots and the Broker were sharpening a spade— 274        Each working…

  • The Dream Book of Mr. Pyridine 

    October 18, 2017, 00:33

    From Mahendra Singh's The Dream Book of Mr. Pyridine On the right side you see an illustration (vectorized, the original is better) by Mahendra Singh…

  • Logout 

    October 22, 2017, 23:22

    No description found for this item.

  • Faiths Victorie in Romes Crueltie 

    November 18, 2017, 12:55

    Faiths Victorie in Romes Crueltie (published by Thomas Jenner, c. 1630) is an anti-catholic print showing English Protestant martyrs standing around a fire.…

  • The Subject to Reason About 

    November 19, 2017, 09:53

    345    “Two added to one—if that could but be done,” 346        It said, “with one’s fingers and thumbs!” 347…

  • Edward VI and the Pope 

    November 25, 2017, 08:49

     Anonymous: King Edward VI and the Pope, an Allegory of Reformation, (NPG 4165). The painting shows Henry VIII on his deathbed and his son Edward VI on…

    • The King's Bedpost 

      February 21, 2018, 11:17

      The two images had been compared in a beautiful book by Margaret Aston in 1994: The King's Bedpost: Reformation and Iconography in a Tudor Group Portrait…

  • "Cranmer" mentioned in Shakespeare's "Henry VIII" 

    December 5, 2017, 00:00

    # Work Character Line Text 1 Henry VIII Henry VIII 1611 . I may perceive These…

  • This is no Cigar 

    December 17, 2017, 09:53

    Martin Gardner wrote in his Annotated Snark (1962, MG064) about Henry Holiday's almost surreal illustration: Thousands of readers must have glanced at this…

  • Links: Thomas Cranmer 

    December 18, 2017, 18:10

    Thomas Cranmer, by Spartacus Educational Thomas Cranmer, ... a political study, MA thesis by Margaret Herbst Breashears, Texas Tech University, 1972 Wikipedia…

  • Tweets by ‎Musée Unterlinden 

    December 30, 2017, 09:11

    This page is related to and Tweets by MUnterlinden ※ If your browser blocks tracking, the embedded…

  • Lorenzo and Isabella 

    December 31, 2017, 13:47

    Bycatch from my Snark hunt: This is not one of my Snark comparisons. It is about "seeing" things in paintings and illustrations. When I started my Snark…

  • Face It! 

    January 1, 2018, 19:42

    Bycatch from my Snark hunt: Two renderings of a segment from Matthias Grünewald‘s The Temptation of St. Anthony (c. 1512-1516, painting in a panel of…

  • Douglas Adams and Lewis Carroll 

    January 6, 2018, 11:29

    From Lewis Carroll in cyberspace by Robert McFarlane, 2001-08-12, …

  • Cracks in the Varnish 

    January 25, 2018, 12:31

    This is a side-by-side comparison of an unfinished portrait (mirror view) of Sir Henry Lee by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger to one of Henry Holiday's…

  • Asemic Writing in the Waves? 

    March 10, 2018, 18:07

    Back cover illustration by Henry Holiday to Lewis Carroll’s tragicomical poem The Hunting of the Snark (1876) with a detail being rendered in four…

  • blog 

    March 10, 2018, 20:13

    No description found for this item.

  • Misc. Links 

    April 16, 2018, 09:58

    Archives: Wayback Machine   Google search: Snark Week Google Scholar   Some pages which I don't understand:…

  • The New Belfry 

    December 4, 2018, 05:24

    Christ Church Tom Quad, looking south towards the Hall with the temporary belfry mounted on top of it In 1872 the Christ Church College Cathedral belfry…

  • Seven Coats 

    June 13, 2018, 12:10

    021     There was one who was famed for the number of things 022         He forgot when he entered the ship: 023    …

  • We are all of us weak at times 

    June 29, 2018, 21:52

    Anne Boleyn, beheaded 1536 Catherine Howard, beheaded 1542 The Baker (possibly an allusion to Thomas Cranmer) says:241       “You…

  • Being Unwise 

    July 2, 2018, 07:33

    This assemblage (based on a finding in 2014) shows that Henry Holiday has left a pictorial reference in the final illustration to Lewis Carroll's The…

  • The Banker 

    July 8, 2018, 08:50

    013    A Billiard-marker, whose skill was immense, 014        Might perhaps have won more than his share— 015   …

  • Posts 

    August 25, 2018, 10:40

    Posts until 2018-11-09: 9.5±0.5 Snark Hunters Arne Nordheim’s Snark Mike Batt’s Snark Relaunch Bajka’s Snark Hunting Snarks is…

  • Religion, Reform, Rebuilding 

    July 11, 2018, 14:58

    Oxford issues? Dodgson, a traditionalist, lived in Oxford at the time when the city was violently at war with itself - about religion, about reform, and…

  • The Blank Cheque 

    July 13, 2018, 12:30


  • Rigged Snark Hunt 

    July 21, 2018, 11:20

    Inspiring poetry:The Rigged Witch Hunt, originally headed by FBI lover boy Peter S (for one year) & now, 13 Angry Democrats, should look into the missing…

  • No Collusion 

    July 27, 2018, 08:27

    The Bellman's rule: What I tell you three times is true! But 16 times is fine too. Trump sat for 30 minutes at his golf club with the Times. He said…

  • Privacy Policy 

    August 4, 2018, 01:56


  • FB PreRaph 

    August 5, 2018, 15:47

    Henry Holiday, John Martin: The Bard and the Bellman Henry Holiday, Marcus Gheeraerts I: A Nose Job Henry Holiday, Matthias Grünewald: Kitty …

  • Rule of 3 

    August 10, 2018, 22:12

    #! /usr/bin/python statementList = for s in (s for s in frozenset(statementList) if statementList.count(s) >= 3):     print('"' +…

  • Golden Age 

    August 27, 2018, 09:42

    Henry Holiday's illustrations to The Hunting of the Snark in the FB group The Golden Age: Painting & Illustration 1850-1950: Front cover (only in The Golden…

  • Truth isn't Truth 

    August 24, 2018, 22:41

    #! /usr/bin/haskell import Data.List statementList :: statementList =   atLeastThrice :: -> atLeastThrice sL =   Result (if…

  • Snark in The Golden Age Of Illustration 

    September 11, 2018, 17:54

    Eleven illustrations by Henry Holiday and one illustration by a typesetter to Lewis Carroll's The Hunting of the Snark in the FB group The Golden Age Of…

  • Monstrous Heads 

    September 20, 2018, 23:16

    This is a bycatch from my Snark hunt: Segment from a panel of the Isenheim Altarpiece, Matthias Grünewald's The Temptation of St. Anthony (c. 1512-1516) …

  • Every Passing Breeze 

    October 11, 2018, 00:17

    Mary Hibbs has published a short booklet (under the name Sandra Mann) containing her analysis of Lewis Carroll’s The Hunting of the Snark. She suggests that…

  • 🚧 Annotations to Annotations 🚧 

    December 9, 2018, 10:21

    This is about annotations to Martin Gardner's annotations. And it is under construction. 11: the Baker's 42 boxes 13, 14: the Baker's hot names 15:…

  • Brexit, Hunting a Fantastical Beast 

    November 19, 2018, 18:25

    Article mirrored from Co-published with: See also: May government's Brexit aims were…

  • Email 

    December 9, 2018, 16:23

    Write to me at The subject line needs to contain "" somewhere in the text. If not, the mail will be discarded. Sorry. Alternativ…

  • Navigation Was Always a Difficult Art 

    November 13, 2018, 14:56

    This page contains the site table of contents. Use it to quickly find content on this website.

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